Millions of people around the world suffer from mental health problems, but many of us don’t realize just how prevalent these issues can be and how much of a negative effect they can have on our lives. It is very common for us to treat physical health issues as soon as they become obvious, but with mental health, most people wait until the problem gets serious to do something about it. However, most mental health problems can be caught and treated early if you are observant. Here are some of the most common mental health problems in the world and how to spot them. If you or a friend or family member are struggling, we encourage you to seek help. Things will always get better.
Anxiety – Anxiety is by far the most common mental health problem, with a huge percentage of the world’s population suffering from some sort of anxiety or panic disorder. Anxiety disorders vary in scope, but generally are characterized by things like racing thoughts, excessive fear, increased heart beat, muscle tension, and sweating. These symptoms often are in reaction to situations like social interaction or a stressful work situation, although they can occur in reaction to anything or for no reason. Anxiety can be managed through therapy, medication, and self-care techniques such as meditation.
Depression – This is another very common mental health disorder that is characterized by consistently low mood, loss of motivation, excessive sleeping, and random mood fluctuations. This can be situational or it can also persist for extended periods of time, sometimes as long as months or years. Situational depression is extremely common and often will clear up on its own without treatment, but clinical depression is much more serious and requires professional care. Another very common subtype of depression is seasonal affective disorder, which occurs when someone has a depressive response to the low light and cold that occurs in the winter months. If you or someone you know is suffering from depression, seek professional help as soon as possible.
Addiction disorders – Many people don’t consider these disorders to be a mental health problem, but they are very serious and require treatment. Alcohol and drug addictions are the most common forms of addiction disorders, but there are many less common addiction issues that are just as serious. These can include sex addiction, video
game addiction, gambling addiction, and kleptomania (stealing addiction). Generally, if you notice that you or someone in your life is overly reliant on a harmful behavior, consider treatment for addiction.
Eating disorders – Eating disorders are characterized by a very unhealthy relationship with food. There are many different eating disorders, which means that many people who suffer from them go unnoticed. Common eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, and more. If you notice that anyone in your life is touchy or uncomfortable around food, encourage them to get help.
These are just a few of the many mental health disorders that are common throughout the world. If you or someone in your life is struggling with a mental health problem, be sure to get treatment and take advantage of the support that is available to you.